The role and the place of the religious factor in the foreign and internal policy of modern Egypt
This article is devoted to the role of the Islamic factor in the foreign policy of the modern Arab Republic of Egypt. The article analyzes how the Islamic factor in this country is projected on the political processes in this leading Muslim country. The relevance of the study is primarily due to the fact that the article analyzes the relatively poorly studied development processes in one of the most stable and leading Muslim countries - the Arab Republic of Egypt in the period after the crisis socio-political events of the so-called. "Arab Spring". At the same time, the study analyzes what multidimensional and contradictory influence Islam has on the political system and the political course of the country's leadership, regardless of the historical past. In the article, the author, through a systematic and comparative analysis, tried to show how the confrontation between the government and the Muslim Brotherhood puts pressure on the country's foreign policy, including Egypt's international cooperation with neighboring countries during the reign of various presidents of the country. Currently, there are many monographic and academic studies and works on modern Egypt, but over the past ten years, short annotations, articles and publications still overwhelm academic works and research, which is the main stumbling block for conducting deep exploratory research on this important topic. In this regard, the article is based on a comprehensive analysis of a large layer of both academic and electronic sources, historical and most of all modern sources, as well as a study of both Western and Arab researchers, whose works are designed to provide an objective analysis of the domestic and foreign policy of modern Egypt. The article consists of two parts, the first part covers the period until January 2012, i.e. the period before the "Arab Spring", which analyzes the state and problems of Egyptian society, as well as the reasons that led to the collapse of the reign of Hosni Mubarak. The second part is devoted to the study of the ongoing and current socio-political internal processes and problems, including their reflection on the country's foreign policy.

Key words
Islamic factor, modernization, political system of Egypt, «Muslim Brotherhood»,
transit of power, HAMAS, international terrorism.
Guzal Kadirova
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