Political and geographical risks of the State of Palestine formation
The Arab-Israeli conflict between Israel and Palestine is a prime example of a protracted territorial conflict. The situation is being complicated by the fact that the compromise between the parties is hard to be reached. Since 1948 when Arab and Jewish states where established by the United Nations the statehood of Palestine has remained a problem both for the region and for the entire world community. The article observes the problem of political and geographical risks concerning the formation of the statehood in Palestine. The author suggests a hypothesis that the territorial integrity of the state determines the formation of state institutions. The institutional paradigm provides a basis for the research since the article analyzes the political organization of power, population, territory, sovereignty. The research question is how political and geographical risks prevent the formation of statehood in Palestine. The article considers a historical context of the statehood formation in Palestine, besides it analyzes the process of boarder settlement between Arabic and Jewish States. The research object is the formation of the statehood in Palestine, while the political and geographical risks of Palestinian State formation is under study. The two main risks, which the research is based on, are indicated. The first risk is geographic fragmentation and political separatism in the territories of Palestine; the second risk is Jewish settlements in the West Bank and the mechanisms of their management. The purpose of the research is to determine the influence of the territorial organization on the formation of statehood using the example of Palestine. The article considers the question of political and geographical risks of the statehood formation from the point of view of the features of Palestinian territory. The method of the historical analysis is used. The article examines the connection between the unity of territory and statehood from theoretical point of view, describes the political and geographical risks of the formation of statehood as well as the concepts of morphology of the territory, territorial integrity and sovereignty. The novelty of the research is the problem consideration from the point of view of geographical disposition and territorial features of the region. The author considers the solution of the problem of territorial fragmentation of Palestine and separatism in some parts as a starting point for further conflict settlement.

Key words
Arab-Israeli conflict, Palestine, territorial conflict, Jewish settlements, political and geographical risks, West Bank, Gaza Strip.
Ekaterina Gruzdeva
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